GOVERNMENT ,MINISTRIES AND AGENCIES OF KYRGYZSTAN

Government Type: Republic
Capital: Bishkek

President of the Kyrgyz Republic
Kurmanbek S. Bakiev

            The Kyrgyz Republic is situated in the center of Eurasian continent at the intersection of air communications between East and West, North and South. Moscow (Russia), Beijing (China), Istanbul (Turkey), Deli (India) are ituated in the zone of flight through time zone from “Manas” airport.

State structure

State power in the Kyrgyz Republic is represented and realized by:
1. President of the Kyrgyz Republic
2. Parliament (Jogorku Kenesh) of the Kyrgyz Republic
3. Executive power of the Kyrgyz Republic
a) The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic
b) Local State Administration
4. Courts and justice of the Kyrgyz Republic
a) Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic
b) Supreme Court
c) Local courts and judges of the Kyrgyz Republic

1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is:
· A head of the state, the highest official person of Kyrgyz Republic
· A symbol of people’s unity and state power
· A guarantee of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic
· A guarantee of human and civil rights and freedoms
· Determines basic directions of domestic and foreign policy of the state
2. The Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic:
· Is a representative body
· Realizes a legislative power
· Realizes the controlling functions within the limits of its authority

3. The executive power in the Kyrgyz Republic is realized by:
· The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic
· Local state administrations (province and district) and their structures

a) The government of the Kyrgyz Republic is the supreme body of an executive power of the Kyrgyz Republic.
It conducts the activity of the ministries, agencies and local state administrations.
It hears the reports of the heads of the ministries and agencies, and of the heads of the local state administrations.

b) Local state administrations:
- province state administrations;
- district state administrations.
realize an executive power on the territory of a province, district.
· The local state administrations on the proper territory provide a coordinated activity of the territorial subdivisions of the ministries, administrative agencies and other central executive bodies of the Kyrgyz Republic
· The heads of the province state administrations in their own activity are accountable to the President of Kyrgyz Republic and the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic
· The heads of the district state administrations are accountable to the President of Kyrgyz Republic and the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic and to the head of the province state administration.

4) The courts and justice of the Kyrgyz Republic
a) The Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic is a supreme body of a judicial power for the protection of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic
b) The Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic is a supreme body of a judicial power in the sphere of civil, criminal and administrative legal procedure, and other cases, considered by the law of the Kyrgyz Republic
c) Local Courts and Judges of the Kyrgyz Republic
· Province courts
· District courts

Administrative-territorial division of Kyrgyzstan

Chu Region
Occupies the territory of 20.2 thousand squared km. The region has 4 cities and 5 city type villages, 105 ayil keneshes (village councils), 327 rural villages.

Talas Region
Occupies the territory of 11.4 thousand squared km. The region has 1 city and 1 city type village, 35 ayil keneshes (village councils), 90 rural villages.

Issyk-Kul Region
Occupies the territory of 43.1 thousand squared km. The region has 3 cities and 5 city type villages, 58 ayil keneshes (village councils), 181 rural villages.

Naryn Region (Central Tian-Shan)
Occupies the territory of 45.2 thousand squared km. The region has 1 city and 2 city type villages, 56 ayil keneshes (village councils), 132 rural villages.

Osh Region
Occupies the territory of 29.2 thousand squared km. The region has 3 cities and 2 city type villages, 79 ayil keneshes (village councils), 467 rural villages. Osh and Batken regions are the most southern regions of Kyrgyzstan.

Djalal-Abad Region
Occupies the territory of 33.7 thousand squared km. The region has 5 cities and 8 city type villages, 58 ayil keneshes (village councils), 415 rural villages.

Batken Region
Occupies the territory of 17.0 thousand squared km. The region has 3 cities and 5 city type villages, 29 ayil keneshes (village councils), 189 rural villages


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